||back-budding occurs when new buds appear on "old" wood. Many trees
will back-bud as the result of pruning or after a trunk chop.
||the Japanese word which roughly translated means "planted in a tray". The term
to describe the art of emulating nature with living plants. Growing trees in
small pots in such a way that they appear to be very old trees.
| deciduous trees
||usually hardwood trees, such as maples or elms, which drop there leaves in the
Fall and go through a state of dormancy over the Winter. Bald Cypress and Dawn
Redwood are examples of deciduous conifers.
| dormant or dormancy
||a period of time in which plants "rest" during the Winter months. Temperate
plants, such as maples, hornbeams, and elms need time to rest in order to build
up strength for the next growing season, much like people need sleep at the end
of the day. Lack of a dormant period will ultimately lead to the death of
||also referred to as "pre-bonsai", this term refers to trees in training but not
in Bonsai pots. Potensai are either grown in larger training pots or in the
ground until the trunk grows to the desired thickness. Some styling has been
started, as well as root pruning.
||the act of trimming back new growth in order to
maintain or direct new growth. Severe pruning entails removal of larger
| trunk chopping
trunk chopping involves the process of severely cutting back the trunk of a
tree. This is usually carried out when the trunk of a pre-bonsai has been grown
to the desired thickness. The tree may be in excess of 4 feet or taller when
trunk chopped. After the trunk chop, the focus on the pre-bonsai is the
development and ramification of branches.